Egypt Institute Journal (Vol. 4 – Issue 14)
Issue No.14 of the Egypt Institute Journal, published in July 2016, included a number of political, strategic, economic, intellectual and legal articles, as follows:
1- ‘Sinai in Egyptian and Israeli Strategic Thought’, by Dr. Ibrahim Habib (Palestine)
The Sinai Peninsula has special significance to the Egyptian national security, given its strategic location as Egypt’s eastern gate. Sinai has great economic significance, as it contains many riches; religious importance to the three religions, in addition to the peninsula’s tourism importance that has strongly emerged in the last thirty years. The study addresses the Egyptian and Israeli strategic visions with respect to the Sinai Peninsula.
2- ‘Saudi Policy towards Muslim Brotherhood after January Revolution (2011)’, by Amjad Ahmed Jibril (Palestine)
This paper reviews the stages of Saudi policy towards the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, and monitors the most important changes that affected it after the Egyptian revolution, whether internal changes in both countries, or Arab, regional and international changes, which put pressure on Saudi Arabia’s relationship with the Brotherhood, and led to an “unprecedented tension” between them, within the context of the Saudi foreign policy crisis towards the Arab revolutions and the future of change in the Arab world.
3- ‘Legitimacy of Military Intervention outside UN Security Council: The Case of Syria’, Dr. Anas Koyes Benalal (Morocco)
This study analyzes the statements released on Syria’s possession of chemical weapons, as well as the military foreign intervention against chemical weapons facilities for Syria through reviewing the international law, the role of the UN Security Council in disarming weapons of mass destruction, and its role in maintaining international peace and security. In this context, the study compares the Syrian case with a group of other cases that had constituted a threat to international security. The study addresses the dimensions of legitimacy of military intervention against Syria outside the UN security council, and how far this military intervention is committed to international humanitarian law.
4- “The ‘Chinese Rise’ to the Neo-Realists”, by Jalal Khushaib (Algeria)
This study provides a theoretical reading of the issue of the ‘Chinese rise’ as viewed by most theoretical approaches with respect to the international relations, i.e. the neo-classical realism, based on a scientific conviction that argues that it is impossible to explain the behavior of major international actors without the use of a guiding theory, as well as predicting the path that such behavior will take in the future.
The neo-realists assume and argue that the Chinese rise will not be a peaceful rise at all. This study focuses on the theoretical premises that made the neo-realists reach this conclusion, through discussing three interconnected questions:
– Will China’s rise be peaceful?
– Is China a regional power or a global power?
– Will the rising China maintain the current international system or it will seek to change it as a revolutionary force?
5- Strategic Dimensions of Egyptian-Israeli Gas Deals, by Khaled Fouad (Egypt)
This study aims at making a comprehensive assessment of the Israeli-Egyptian gas deal and addressing its political, strategic, and economic dimensions within the framework of the regional and international interactions in the Eastern Mediterranean region.
The huge gas reserves in the Eastern Mediterranean region, which are likely to expand in the future, have met the domestic needs of regional countries with a possibility to export the surplus to international markets. However, the growing demand on natural gas all over the world is likely to lead to major transformations in policies of the countries of the Eastern Mediterranean region – an extremely sensitive region that suffers from several political crises – and the creation of new maps of conflicts, alliances, and deals, most notably the gas deal between Egypt and Israel in early 2018. Furthermore, the natural gas resources in the Eastern Mediterranean have also pushed international powers towards engagement in competition and keenness on maintaining effective presence in the region.
6- ‘Egyptian-Lebanese Relations after the January Revolution (2011)’, by Badria Al-Rawi (Lebanon)
The study addresses the Egyptian-Lebanese Relations after the January Revolution (2011). The importance of this study lies in the fact that it strengthens the intellectual accumulation of Egyptian-Lebanese relations after the January 25 revolution. The study also deals with a sample of bilateral international relations in the absence of the essence of the rule of law and institutions of these countries. The study is divided into four parts as follows:
– Determinants of Egyptian-Lebanese relations
– Egypt-Lebanon common fate files
– Challenges of Egyptian-Lebanese relations after the January revolution
– Future of Egyptian-Lebanese relations
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