Egypt Institute Journal (Vol. 3 – Issue 12)
Issue No.12 of the Egypt Institute Journal, published in July 2016, included a number of political, strategic, economic, intellectual and legal articles, as follows:
1- ‘Epistemological problems in international relations’, by Dr. Houssine Belkhirat (Algeria):
The study is based on the concept that methodology of scientific research is related to three main dimensions:
– The first is the epistemological dimension,
– The second is the methodological dimension, and
– The third is the technical dimension.
While there is so much interest in the second dimension in terms of controlling what is related to the components of the scientific research, and the third dimension that is related to the use of references and how to benefit from them and document their content; yet the first dimension seems to be the least dimension with respect to the interest given in books written in the methodology of scientific research, although it affects the methodological dimension in many details. This dimension becomes more important if it is related to the specificity of research in the field of international relations, as issues raised at this level may appear to be taken for granted in other areas of knowledge, while they crystallize as problems when researching in the field of international relations.
2- ‘Party Pluralism and Political Participation in Egypt 1976-2007’, by Abu Zaid Adel Al-Qadi (Egypt)
The emergence of political parties in Egypt came as an expression of certain social, economic and intellectual interactions during that period which also saw emergence and development of modern governance institutions in Egypt. These parties started in the form of social and political societies, although some of them were called “parties”. However, the first real party that had got the required characteristics of the political party in the modern sense was the “National Party” that was founded by the national leader Mustafa Kamel in 1907 AD. Then, a group of political parties followed the “National Party”, and during less than ten years there was a great diversity in nature of these parties, in terms of composition, organizational strength, popular grassroots, and political orientations. In this context, this study attempts to show indicators, manifestations, and problems of multi-party politics in Egypt between 1976 and 2007.
3- ‘Security Concerns in the Moroccan-African Agreements’, by Dr. Noura Al-Hafyan (Morocco), Dr. Ahmed Salhi (Morocco)
This paper seeks to identify the Moroccan-African relations, evoking the security concern, by reviewing several agreements, particularly agreements on issues of investment, trade and maritime fishing, excluding agreements on security issues, such as security cooperation agreements, hoping to stand up to the presence of the security side and its concepts in these agreements; and as these security agreements are confined to this field, we will skip them, and approach the subject in terms of economic, cultural and commercial agreements, being aware of the significance of the issue of security in approaching the Moroccan-African relations, especially since the region is floundering In security breaches and experiencing growing security threats.
4- ‘The future of political change after the Arab revolutions’, Dr. Reem Mohamed Mousa (Sudan)
The paper discusses factors and causes of the outbreak of the Arab Spring revolutions, and attempts to answer the question whether the ideology of change is likely to lead to political reform in the Arab Spring countries, where these revolutions should set specific goals adopting the will of peoples intellectually and cognitively.
5- ‘Hamas: The Crisis of Political Thought and Coercion of Reality’, by Mohamed Elhamy (Egypt)
This paper attempts to monitor the crisis of thought and development of political thought of Hamas under the coercion of the complicated reality internally, regionally and internationally, and was prompted to rely on documents, data and writings of persons close to the movement to find out the features of the crisis and its development over the ten years that followed the military solution decision and taking over power in Gaza (2007) until 2017 when the document of principles and public policies was issued – considered an amendment to the early Hamas Charter (1988) – the year that witnessed the last serious attempts to reach a national Palestinian reconciliation in which Hamas hands over the rule of Gaza to the authority of Mahmoud Abbas.
6- ‘Empowering Women in Development of the Local Community, by Dr. Manal Talaat (Egypt)
This study seeks to answer the following questions: What is the role of NGOs as civil society organizations towards mechanisms to empower women to participate in development of the local community? What are the obstacles facing NGOs in enabling women to participate in development of society? What are the proposals that can contribute to activating the role of NGOs towards empowering women to participate in development of the local community?
7- ‘Al-Qaeda: From 9/11 September to the Arab Spring’, by Karam Al-Hafyan (Syria)
This study introduces an analysis of the political and intellectual performance of Al-Qaeda, after spread of its name and approach throughout the Islamic nation, by monitoring details of its relations and the way it manages its emerging branches, active in Saudi Arabia and Iraq, while extrapolating areas of agreement and disagreement and degree of influence and mutual influence.
The paper also attempts to assess the military and field performance of the branches of the al-Qaeda organization, the most prominent theorists and close religious scholars, or those belonging to al-Qaeda, and the result of this on existence of al-Qaeda on top of the armed jihad scene in most open combat arenas, and its installation as an umbrella and mother movement of a new global Islamic movement, with unprecedented discourse, thought, and performance in the world of Islamic armed movements. The paper focuses on the period between 9/11 September attacks and the Arab Spring revolutions.
8- ‘Universal Health Insurance System in Egypt: A Policy Study’, by Amgad Hamdi (Egypt)
The paper addresses past experiences of the health insurance issue and attempts to identify similarities and differences with the system presented by the new law. The study also introduces an analytical vision of significant problems related to the law, namely the problem of the project philosophy, the legislative framework and the reference of its legal framework in light of the 2014 Constitution; the problem of funding and diversity of sources of income; the problem of social justice; the problem of implementation; and the problem of the relationship between the public and private sectors in the health sector.
9- ‘Egypt: Manifestations of the Media Crisis after 2013’, by Osama Al-Rashidi (Egypt)
The crisis management file from the media point of view is considered one of the most important files that the decision maker must consider during the crisis, as the media has acquired a prominent role in dealing with crises and facing them, which led to emergence of the term “media and crises” or “crisis media” as one of the main topics discussed when talking about the crisis, being one of the main elements in containing it and limiting its impact.
10- ‘American Attitudes toward the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt after 2013’, by Ahmed Mohsen (Egypt)
This report reviews the reasons for focusing on the Muslim Brotherhood and trying to designate it as a terrorist organization; as it addresses developments in these ongoing attempts, particularly that latest attempt that seems different from previous attempts; and the opportunities and likeliness of including the Muslim Brotherhood as a terrorist organization in the future, especially in light of the current U.S. support enjoyed by the regime Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi under the Trump administration.
11- ‘Social Movements in Mexico: Maps of Diffusion and Influence’, by Gehad Hasanein (Egypt)
Mexico has historically been characterized by a prolific and diverse societal mobility, which witnessed for many decades – even before the Mexican Revolution )1910-1920( – participation of most society groups that have different social, economic and cultural backgrounds. Although the current mobility is still revolving around the root issues from which it has historically emerged, many changes have occurred in terms of its frameworks, means and components, along with emergence of a number of new issues and goals related to the twenty-first century.
12- ‘The Siege of Qatar and Tracks of the Gulf-Turkish Relations’, by Atiq Jarallah (Yemen)
This paper addresses the dynamics of the Gulf-Turkish relations, in light of the main transformations that it went through during the years 2016/2017, and explores likely opportunities and challenges to stand on its future track.
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